Many of the findings in this book are, so-to-speak reinterpretations of the collective experiences of three generations of graphologists. The results are not mathematical ones. They may even be called vague, and they are perhaps not half as definite as those of any other schools of graphology, but they approach reality more closely. For example, lower extensions which turn to the right instead of to the left, have been interpreted assigns of altruism. Like all such interpretations they reflect only a part of the truth. Only when one refuses to ask "What does this hook mean," but rather "How did this movement originate: will one be able to judge whether the altruism is genuine or merely a neurotic escape.
It has been shown that such movements as the just mentioned lower extensions have no significance in themselves. What the project of the personality must be derived from their every detail: movement in the wrong direction, which may be angular or round, long or short, heavy or light, high or deep below the base line, pointing directly or circuitously to the next letter; they may appear at the beginning, the middle or the end of the word and be either part of a "g," "z," "y," or "q." Each of the these, and possibly many other characteristics, may strongly influence the interpretation.
What is gained through the separation of Basic and Applied Graphology is the knowledge that this great variety and variability exists and that there are definite rules governing the most primitive symbolism of space which are carried out in fundamental movements and rhythms.